Methods. J. Interpers. The resulting 49-item ARQ was examined psychometrically through an exploratory factor analysis. Development of a multi-dimensional measure of resilience in adolescents: the Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire. This study reports on the results of an item and factor analysis of the Resilience Questionnaire for Middle-adolescents in Township Schools (R-MATS) that was used to survey 291 Grade 9 middle-adolescent learners from two black-only township secondary schools. The standardized root mean residual (SRMR; Brown, 2014) measures the standardized differences between the model and data variance-covariance matrices, values greater than 0.10 generally indicate poor model fit (Kline, 2016). 11:134. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-11-134. 166, 1092–1097. The original contributions presented in the study are included in the article/supplementary material, further inquiries can be directed to the corresponding author. Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, The Benefits and Costs of Decarbonizing Costa Rica's Economy, This School Year Could Be Another Casualty of the Pandemic, Restoring Public Trust, COVID-19 and Thanksgiving, Vaccinating Teachers: RAND Weekly Recap, Biden's Nomination for New National Intelligence Director Sets the Tone, Mobile Technology: A Tool for Alleviating Homelessness, The Syrian Forever War Has Created Forever Refugees, Getting to Know Military Caregivers and Their Needs, Helping Coastal Communities Plan for Climate Change, Improving Psychological Wellbeing and Work Outcomes in the UK, >Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire (ARQ). For example, if a clinician noticed a student’s scores are normal in all areas except school connectedness, then the clinician could look for interventions to promote school connectedness with that student. Specifically, male adolescents reported greater Individual Confidence [F(1, 3,023) = 91.242, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.029], Emotional Insight [F(1, 3,023) = 13.672, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.005], Negative Cognition [F(1, 3,023) = 138.039, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.044], Social Skills [F(1, 3,023) = 43.118, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.014], Peer Availability [F(1, 3,023) = 29.252, p <0.001, η2 = 0.01], and School Connectedness [F(1, 3,023) = 5.159, p = 0.023, η2 = 0.002]. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). Quality of life and satisfaction scores from the PQ-LES-Q measure were significantly and strongly correlated with ARQ49 Individual subscale (Confidence, Emotional Insight, Negative Cognition, Social Skills) scores (r = 0.563–0.633, each p < 0.001) except for Individual Empathy/Tolerance which was weakly correlated (r = 0.262, p < 0.001). A reliability coefficient for maximum likelihood factor analysis. Over two-thirds were in a two parent home. The ARQ49 also reduces respondent burden. doi: 10.1080/01460860600677643, PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar, Bernstein, I. H., Rush, A. J., Trivedi, M. H., Hughes, C. W., Macleod, L., Witte, B. P., et al. Original and revised ARQ factor and measurement models through exploratory factor analysis (n = 3,222). (2016). A methodological review of resilience measurement scales. 187, 289–294. The scale has since been translated into multiple languages (e.g., Romanian, Spanish, Persian, and Nepali). Clinicians should use this measure when wanting to measure resilience in youth across multiple domains (Family, Peers, School, and Community) to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the youth’s overall resilience. Table 3. The studies involving human participants were reviewed and approved by the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Institutional Review Board. (2014). Child Adolesc. Ahern, N. R., Kiehl, E. M., Lou Sole, M., and Byers, J. Results: Our exploratory factor analysis shortened the measure for which we conducted the psychometric analyses. Child Abuse Neglect 42, 40–53. Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire (ARQ), 2011 Description: The Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire (ARQ) is comprised of 93 items and 12 scales measuring resilience factors in the domains of self, family, peer, school, and community. Alternative models were examined including all factors from each domain in correlated factor models (e.g., including all five factors from the Individual domain as correlated latent variables). 82, 146–161. 6, 1–55. The ARQ was originally developed as a comprehensive measure of resilience and validated on a sample of Australian adolescents, with the goal of ecological-translation to integrate individual and environment factors that contribute to overall resilience (Gartland et al., 2011). This study evaluated the ARQ on a novel United States youth population (Gartland et al., 2011). No significant differences were reported on Community Connectedness [F(1, 3,023) = 2.014, p = 0.156, η2 = 0.001], School Support Environment [F(1, 3,023) = 1.044, p = 0.307, η2 = 0], and Family Availability [F(1, 3,023) = 0.085, p = 0.771, η2 = 0], and Individual Empathy/Tolerance [F(1, 3,023) = 0.001, p < 0.975, η2 = 0]. Am. doi: 10.1080/15433714.2011.597305, Spitzer, R. L., Kroenke, K., Williams, J. Responses from 3,222 adolescents on the ARQ were used in CFA modeling examining the factor validity of each factor from the Individual, Family, Peer, School, and Community domains (see Table 2). Internal consistency is high for the self-report version (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.86) (Bernstein et al., 2010). Gender differences were explored. (2010). (2010). We hypothesized we could reduce the 88-item ARQ to a shortened version with adequate psychometric properties. The ARQ49 items are listed in Tables 3, 4. Thus, ARQ49 could also be incorporated into assessments to understand mediators of trauma and development of psychopathology. 11:606373. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.606373. Overall, the ARQ49 provides a comprehensive tool that assesses individual traits and environmental aspects of adolescent resilience with strong psychometric properties appropriate for adolescents in the United States. Resilience, lifestyle and symptoms of anxiety and depression in adolescence: the Young-HUNT study. al.) One of the strengths of the scale is that it is a very comprehensive measure that examines not only individual traits, but also environmental factors that are likely to affect resilience. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01546.x, Gartland, D., Bond, L., Olsson, C. A., Buzwell, S., and Sawyer, S. M. (2011). Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Articles, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Croatia. The revised Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire comprises 93 items and 12 scales measuring resilience factors in the domains of self, family, … Beyond clinician usage, a school system could use this measure to assess their student body’s overall and domain specific resilience alongside a universal prevention or social emotional curriculum to understand how the curriculum promotes mental health. Effects of poly-victimization on adolescent social support, self-concept, and psychological distress. (2006). The individual domain measures resilience captured by 5 individual traits: Confidence (8 items), Emotional Insight (8 items), Negative Cognition (8 items), Social Skills (8 items), and Empathy and Tolerance (8 items). Psychiatr. Work 10, 111–126.