The Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site, in Lee County, Mississippi, preserves the battlefield at Brices Cross Roads which extended northward into southwestern Prentiss County. One of the most studied military encounters. Because of this information, Forrest planned to meet the Federals at a place where he could ambush Sturgis and make retreat as difficult as possible. When the retreat had occurred, with food and supplies exhausted, many of the Federal soldiers were unable to retreat with the rest because of fatigue. He stated that General Sturgis, knowing that his men were under-supplied, having been on less than half rations, had been hesitant to advance on the enemy, but had done so against his better judgment because he had been ordered to do so. As the campaign progressed, Sherman grew concerned the brazen Forrest might move his Confederate cavalry force out of North Mississippi into Middle Tennessee, strike the supply lines, and perhaps jeopardize the entire Federal effort. Many of the area's earliest settlers are buried here. In this phase of the battle, Forrest commanded his field artillery to unlimber, unprotected, only yards from the Federal line, and to shred their troops with canister. Every purchase supports the mission. Sherman, who suspected the Confederate cavalry leader would cause havoc behind … Brice's Crossroads is considered one of the most beautifully preserved battlefields of the Civil War. This accounted for Major-General Forrest's capture of the artillery and supplies. The battle of Brice’s Crossroads became a celebrated Confederate victory; it cemented Forrest’s reputation as a great leader and fighter, while also helping to secure North Mississippi under southern control, at least for the moment. In their weakened condition, many had fallen out in the advance. BATTLE MAP | American Battlefield Trust's map of the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads, Mississippi on... See the entire Civil War unfold, from Fort Sumter to Appomattox and beyond, on our animated map,... BATTLE MAP | American Battlefield Trust’s map of the Battle of Tupelo, Mississippi on July 15, 1864... Union Maj. Gen. Andrew J. Smith, commanding the Sixteenth Corps with more than 14,000 men, left... By mid-May 1863, Ulysses S. Grant finally approached the Confederate defenses of Vicksburg. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. Federal soldiers were buried in common graves, but were later reinterred in the Memphis National Cemetery. In 1994, concerned citizens organized the Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Commission, Inc., to protect and preserve additional battlefield land. , The Civil War Trust (a division of the American Battlefield Trust) and its partners, including BCNBC, have been acquiring and preserving land at Brices Cross Roads since 1996, when the Trust's predecessor organization, the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites (APCWS), acquired and preserved 797.7 acres - about two-thirds of the battlefield - in two purchases. General Forrest, New York: D. Appleton, 1902.  Much of the land was purchased from The Agnew Family, who still own some of the property that became the site of the battlefield. ", At 9:45 a.m., on June 10, a brigade of Benjamin H. Grierson's Cavalry Division reached Brices Cross Roads. The line held until 1:30 p.m. when the first regiments of U.S. infantry arrived. Forrest's cavalry met Sturgis' infantry and cavalry column on June 10th at Brice's Crossroads, 20 miles north of Tupelo, beating back the first Union cavalry division to arrive there. Outnumbered, Outgunned. Sturgis sent in infantry reinforcements and counterattacked the Confederates. Battle Of Brice’s Cross Roads, Or Tishomingo Creek, June 2nd to 12th, 1864. Brice's Cross Roads. Also see . The Battle of Brices Cross Roads occurred because of what was happening in southeast Tennessee and north Georgia. The battle took place as Union General William Tecumseh Sherman was pushing south into Georgia on his Atlanta Campaign. Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. Minneapolis, MN: August Davis, Publisher, 1909. Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Western Theater of the American Civil War, General in Chief of the Armies of the United States, Battery "E", 1st Illinois Light Artillery Regiment, 6th Independent Battery Indiana Light Artillery, Battery "B", 2nd Illinois Light Artillery Regiment, 55th United States Colored Infantry Regiment, 59th United States Colored Infantry Regiment, 7th Independent Battery Wisconsin Light Artillery, Troop engagements of the American Civil War, 1864, https://www.battlefields.org/learn/civil-war/battles/brices-cross-roads, "Lost Confederate burial site discovered", "Protecting Sherman's Lifeline: The Battles of Brices Cross Roads and Tupelo 1864", University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Update to the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields Final DRAFT – State of Mississippi, List of Union Civil War monuments and memorials, List of memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic, List of Confederate monuments and memorials, Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials. At 9:45 a.m., on June 10, a brigade of Benjamin H. Grierson's Cavalry Division reached Brices Cross Roads.  The battle was a victory for the Confederates. The Mississippi Last Stands board operates the 4,000-square foot visitor center and the Brice’s Crossroads National Battlefield Commission manages the battlefields. John W. Morton, … Additional keywords. A Series of Papers Read Before the Minnesota Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States 1903-1908. vol. Brices Cross Roads is an excellent example of winning the battle, but losing the war. Donate today to preserve battlefields in America and protect the legacy of our nation’s defining conflicts. Additionally, the horses pulling the trains were poorly fed because there had been little in the way of forage for them to eat along the way. With assistance from the Civil War Trust, and the support of federal, state, and local governments, BCNBC has purchased for preservation over 1,420 acres (5.7 km2). In 2001, two years after the merger of the APCWS and the original Civil War Trust, the new organization, the Civil War Preservation Trust (now known as the American Battlefield Trust, of which the Civil War Trust is a division), acquired 512.8 additional acres. Battle of Brice's Cross Roads Marker. Colored Troops, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 13:27. By Mike Stroud, 1991. When Forrest's 2nd Tennessee Cavalry, on a wide flanking move, captured the bridge over Tishimongo Creek in Sturgis' rear, the Union force fell back. "Wizard of the Saddle," Nathan Bedford. Forrest, although outnumbered two to one, used his more mobile cavalry to threaten both ends of the Union infantry line simultaneously and his artillery to focus on the center. Forrest inflicted heavy casualties on the Federal force and captured more than 1,600 prisoners of war, 18 artillery pieces, and wagons loaded with supplies. Grant would smash General Robert E. Lee's army in Virginia and head for Richmond. The graves of more than 90 Confederate soldiers killed at the cross roads are also located in Bethany Cemetery. It is located about 6 miles (10 km) west of Baldwyn, on Highway 370. NPS. Those who did arrive were exhausted at the beginning of the battle, while the Confederates were fresh and well fed, owing to a large supply in their rear. The battle started at 10:30 a.m. when the Confederates performed a stalling operation with a brigade of their own. Sherman received word of Sturgis’s debacle soon after the fight. At the time of the battle this congregation's meeting house was located further south along the Baldwyn Road. The Battle of Brice’s Cross Roads had begun. Save 36 Acres at Two Virginia Taverns, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation. Giving Tuesday Match! , The Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site, established in 1929, commemorates the Battle of Brices Cross Roads and is considered one of the best preserved of the American Civil War. At the same time, Sherman would destroy the other main Confederate force, the Army of Tennessee, and seize the key city of Atlanta. “The Battle of Brice’s Cross Roads,” in Glimpses of the Nation’s Struggle. . The remainder of the Federal cavalry arrived in support, but a strong Confederate assault soon pushed them back at 11:30 a.m., when the balance of Forrest's Cavalry Corpsarrived on the scene. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643.
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