Basically, we just need to explain how it is formed and a few of its specificities. Plural. You now know how to for the plural of nouns, but we´ll need one or two other lessons to learn how to deal with the plural when it comes to the conjugation of the verbs. For a fractional quantity, the rule applies : the choice depends if the fraction is bigger than 2 or not. To go further, see our complete lesson about articles. For a negative quantity, the choice is made according to the value without the negative sign. The plural form of a noun is usually formed by changing the article to les/des and adding an -s to the end of the word, however there are many exceptions! How to form the plural (of nouns and adjectives) in French. Firstly let’s give a few examples of the normal case : Here are examples where the meaning commands the use of plural : Note that sometimes, also driven by the meaning, one of the composing nouns can be plural while the compound noun is at the singular form : Sometimes, you might have to be careful, because some words have the same form as a noun and as a verb. Plural forms are forms that refer to "more than one" of something. Plural is indeed a universal concept which is present in all languages. Compound nouns (les noms composés) are composed by more than one word (generally two) ; they usually are connected together by a hyphen “-“. It is important to realize that unlike the gender of a noun which is an intrinsic characteristic, the singular and plural forms are pure grammatical variations of the same word. Le pluriel – pluriel des noms et des adjectifs. Et voilà, we reached the end of our lesson about the plural in French. The words that make up a compound noun can be nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs or prepositions.It’s not always easy to form the plural of these nouns, but the following rules can help: L’ In front of a vowel . Plural (le pluriel) is a variation of the singular form. Firstly, let’s set a few examples for the last default case : It’s pretty much all you should know about how to form the plural in French. But what about null, decimal and fractional quantities ? To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. This -s is silent: it is almost never pronounced aloud. les. Indeed, when we refer to only one, two or more entities, the choice is obvious. The plural of most nouns is formed by adding an -s to the end of the word. Interestingly, one of the languages that has the most complex system for plural is the sursurunga, a language spoken by about 3000 people in New Ireland. On the contrary, the expressions “un ou deux” (one or two) or “moins de deux” (less than two) are always followed by a plural: In French, as in English and other main languages, there only exist the singular (for one) and the plural (for two or more). Le Masculine La Feminine . It’s not always easy to form the plural of these nouns, but the following rules can help: Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. Let’s start with a few examples, as usual : As we saw in our previous lesson about gender, a noun is generally introduced by an article which must vary in gender according to it. Singular. With a null quantity, the right choice is singular. Salut, and welcome to our lesson about Plural in French at Language Easy! If a verb is connected with a noun or another verb, both stay unchanged. Exceptionally, if the sentence is constructed with the words sans (without) or pas de (no), the use of plural or singular depends of the logical meaning of the sentence : Finally, another two exceptions are worth stating. Note that in french plural the final s is in most cases not pronounced, except when there is a “liaison” between two words . A noun IS masculine or feminine, but it HAS a singular and a plural form. If the compound noun contains nouns that refer to a collective entity or uncountable nouns, these remain in the singular. With Lingolia Plus you can access 9 additional exercises about Plural, as well as 585 online exercises to improve your French. In French grammar, here’s how you turn a singular noun into a plural noun: In addition, the article must also take its singular or plural for according to the “number” of the noun : les (definite article) or des (indefinite article) : In fact, the plural form of the articles are the same for the masculine and feminine cases, which explains why we always present nouns in their singular form when we introduce them (if we didn’t, it would mean that the gender information would be lost). However, there are exceptions, and I’m afraid you’ll have to learn a few lists of words with an irregular plural ; I learnt those lists by heart when I was 13 . French conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate a French verb. Once you learn the rules, there aren’t too many exceptions, so it’ll certainly be easy to get going in conversation. Just like the English verb “to be”, être is probably one of the most used verbs in the French language. If you want to stay into the thematic before the next lesson, check out now our lesson about verb agreement . As their name suggests, compound nouns (les noms composés) consist of two or more words usually connected by a hyphen. In French grammar, verbs called pronominal verbs use an extra pronoun. Only a certain number of French nouns end in -x in the plural form. Part of French Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet . Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). Quite oddly, Grand (grand) and franc (free, old french) are always masculine in compound nouns. Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. The plural form is used when two or more entities are referred to. Learn how to use plural nouns in French grammar with Lingolia’s quick and easy examples, then put your knowledge to the test in the exercises. Compound nouns (les noms composés) are composed by more than one word (generally two) ; they usually are connected together by a hyphen “-“. This includes: Nouns that end in -s, -x or -z in the singular do not change in the plural. Most French nouns form their plural by adding an -s to their singular form. Their plural in French is not always obvious, but we can state an easy rule to understand how it goes : Definite articles. We say that nouns “vary in number” (en nombre). Most nouns ending in -eau or -eu add an -x in the plural. Their plural in French is not always obvious, but we can state an easy rule to understand how it goes : In a compound noun, only the composing nouns, adjective and past participles are put to plural, unless the meaning commands otherwise.
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