Pileated woodpeckers normally have no white on the trailing edges of their wings and when perched, normally show only a small patch of white on each side of the body near the edge of the wing. Conifer, mixed, and hardwood forests; woodlots. Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device. Carpenter ants may be up to 60% of diet; also eats other ants (rarely digging into anthills on ground), termites, larvae of wood-boring beetles, other insects. Audubon’s scientists have used 140 million bird observations and sophisticated climate models to project how climate change will affect this bird’s range in the future. Learn more about these drawings. Young leave nest 26-28 days after hatching, may remain with parents 2-3 months. DESCRIPTION: About the size of the common cardinal, the red-cockaded woodpecker is approximately 7 inches long (18 to 20 centimeters), with a wingspan of about 15 inches (35 to 38 centimeters). Other sections, Noguchi's Woodpecker, Okinawa Woodpecker, Pryer's Woodpecker, Caatinga Woodpecker, Kaempfer's Woodpecker, Piaui Woodpecker, Five-colored Barbet, Five-coloured Barbet, Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan, Grey-breasted Mountain-toucan, Grey-breasted Mountain Toucan, Grey-breasted Mountain-Toucan, Plate-billed Mountain-toucan, Plate-billed Mountain Toucan, Plate-billed Mountain-Toucan, Versicolored Barbet, Versicoloured Barbet, White-browed Woodpecker, Yellow-browed Woodpecker. A big, dashing bird with a flaming crest, the largest woodpecker in North America (except the Ivory-bill, which is almost certainly extinct). The pileated woodpecker is very similar to the presumed extinct ivory-billed woodpecker. Male pileated woodpeckers have a red “moustache” running on either side of their beaks, while in females this stripe is just black. Courtship displays include spreading wings (showing off white wing patch), raising crest, swinging head back and forth, gliding display flight. Photo: Dick Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards, Juvenile male. ScienceDaily. You will sooner hear these widespread birds than see them! Numbers in eastern United States declined sharply in 18th and 19th centuries with clearing of eastern forest. A subspecies, the Cuban ivory-billed woodpecker ( C. principalis bairdii ), is thought to be extinct, and a related species, the imperial woodpecker ( C. imperialis ) of Mexico, is critically endangered and possibly extinct. Look (and listen) for Pileated Woodpeckers whacking at dead trees and fallen logs in search of their main prey, carpenter ants, leaving unique rectangular holes in the wood. The Pileated Woodpecker is one of the biggest, most striking forest birds on the continent. Both the Pileated Woodpecker and Northern Flicker can eat hundreds of the insects at a time. Most woodpeckers can make a nest in a matter of weeks, but it takes the red-cockaded woodpecker about 4.7 years, Jackson said. This year, competing from their quarantine spots around the world brought unexpected benefits. Choose a temperature scenario below to see which threats will affect this species as warming increases. Can This Critically Endangered Bird Survive Australia's New Climate Reality? Least concern species are excluded from this list Species: The Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) is the size of a crow and is the largest member of the woodpecker family seen in North America. For a species profile, click on its scientific name. While these woodpeckers are not considered threatened or endangered, their solitary nature makes them more susceptible to habitat loss, especially when mature forests are cleared or dead trees are removed from landscapes. Are the Trump Administration's Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last? Wide variety of specific forest types from southern swamps to old-growth Douglas-fir forest of northwest. Pileated woodpeckers are the largest of the common woodpeckers found in most of North America. STATUS: Endangered. A big, dashing bird with a flaming crest, the largest woodpecker in North America (except the Ivory-bill, which is almost certainly extinct). Also in second-growth and fragmented woodlots, as long as some large trees are present. Territory is defended with loud drumming and ringing calls. They are crow-sized and black, with bright red pointed crests, the red more extensive on the crests of males. Interesting Facts About the Pileated Woodpecker. Illustration © David Allen Sibley. Look (and listen) for Pileated Woodpeckers whacking at dead trees and fallen logs in search of their main prey, carpenter ants, leaving unique rectangular holes in the wood. Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. Nest site is a cavity in a dead tree or in dead branch of a live tree, sometimes in utility pole, usually 15-80' above ground. The pileated woodpecker is one of the largest woodpecker species in North America and its look is unmistakable—a large black bird with white on each side of its neck and a red crest on its head. The Pileated Woodpecker is one of the biggest, most striking forest birds on the continent.