weaver birds africa

The breeding male Asian Golden Weaver has mainly yellow plumage; black mask. [2] The birds build their nests together for protection, often several to a branch. The weaverbird colonies may be found close to bodies of water. Weaver birds (Ploceidae is their scientific name and they are related to finches), are found pretty much everywhere in sub-Saharan Africa. As the name suggests, they are excellent weavers, as can be seen in their intricately woven nests – some of them entire colonies stuck together. Christopher Helm, London, "An extensive molecular phylogeny of weaverbirds (Aves: Ploceidae) unveils broad nonmonophyly of traditional genera and new relationships", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ploceidae&oldid=980613231, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 13:35. The breeding male Orange Weaver has mainly orange plumage; black beak. Female has greenish-yellow upperparts; yellowish throat fading to off-white on belly; red-brown eyes..Non-breedinb male resemble female but retains the red eyes. They are particularly well-known for their roofed nests, which in some African species form complex, hanging woven chambers. Nest construction in weavers usually begins with the male instigating the activity and the mate adding the finishing touches. [8][9], A nest in the early stages of construction, Adult Sporopipes at its spherical grass nest, placed in a shrub, Plocepasser nest in Namibia, for year-round occupation. Weavers are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills, most of which breed in sub-Saharan Africa, with fewer species in tropical Asia and also in Australia. The White-headed Buffalo-Weaver has blackish upperparts; white head, underparts; orange-red run, under-tail. [1] All birds of the Ploceidae are native to the Old World, most in Africa south of the Sahara, though a few live in tropical areas of Asia. The family is believed to have originated in the mid-Miocene. Fry, C.H. Although weavers are named for their elaborately woven nests, some are notable for their selective parasitic nesting habits instead. The southern race found from Nigeria eastwards has a quite different appearance, with almost black upperparts and tail. VII. Most species weave nests that have narrow entrances, facing downward. Male has black throat. The family is divided into the buffalo, sparrow, typical, and widow weavers. The family is believed to have originated in the mid-Miocene. [7] Unlike many weavers, it has the same plumage all year. The Gray-capped Social-Weaver has mainly liver-colored plumage; pale gray crown; dark gray bill; whitish eye-ring; some black in the wings. In Africa’s Kalahari Desert, sparrow-sized birds called Sociable Weavers create enormous nesting structures that act like avian apartment complexes, housing weaver families by the hundreds. These are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. For more detail, see list of Ploceidae species. The male red-billed buffalo-weaver has a red bill and legs with overall black plumage.... more Red-billed Quelea Many species weave very fine nests using thin strands of leaf fiber, though some, like the buffalo-weavers, form massive untidy stick nests in their colonies, which may have spherical woven nests within. The Social Weaver has a scallaped back, flanks; black chin. Hanging nest, Hargeysa, Somaliland, July 2019. Materials used for building nests include fine leaf fibers, grass, and twigs. The White-billed Buffalo-Weaver has mainly black plumage with a little white on the wings. The adult male is yellow with black throat (edged rusty), face, and bill, and variable black mottling on the back. Male has white bill, female has black. These names come from the nests of intricately woven vegetation created by birds in this family. Usually the male birds weave the nests and use them as a form of display to lure prospective females. Many weaver species are gregarious and breed colonially. [7], Communal Philetairus nests in central Namibia, Pseudonigrita nest in Kenya, with entrance below, Black-breasted weaver nest suspended from grass, India, A baya weaver on his unfinished nest, northern India, Nests of a baya weaver colony suspended from a palm tree, India, Male Quelea at nest concealed in thorny Senegalia shrub, Red bishop constructing a nest in reeds, South Africa, Nests of a colony of Sakalava weavers, Madagascar, Spherical village weaver nests suspended from a palm tree, West Africa, A southern masked weaver building his nest, Namibia. The males of many species in this family are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black. In most recent classifications, Ploceidae is a clade, which excludes some birds that have historically been placed in the family, such as some of the sparrows, but which includes the monotypic subfamily Amblyospizinae. The sparrow weavers live in family units that employ cooperative breeding. Female and nonbreeding male have mainly brownish upperparts; cream-colored underparts. Female has olive-yellow head, breast; yellow lower-belly, brown eyes. The male Black-necked Weaver of the northern race has olive upperparts, wings; yellow underparts, head; black eye-mask, bib. The Black-billed Weaver has mainly black plumage; black bill; yellow head. The sociable weavers of Africa build apartment-house nests, in which 100 to 300 pairs have separate flask-shaped chambers entered by tubes at the bottom. The two species of black buffalo weavers are large, noisy birds of drier areas of East and southern Africa. These two species are quite similar with black bodies, … The Cape weaver (Ploceus capensis) is a species of bird in the weaver family, Ploceidae, found in southern Africa. Sociable weaver on his nest, Kgalagadi, South Africa. The breeding male Black-breasted Weaver has bright yellow crown; black upper-breast; rest underparts whitish. The family Ploceidae was introduced (as Ploceïdes) by the Swedish zoologist Carl Jakob Sundevall in 1836. Red-billed is the most widespread, occurring in both regions, whereas White-billed is only found in East Africa. Some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. Weaver, also called weaverbird, any of a number of small finchlike birds of the Old World, or any of several related birds that are noted for their nest-building techniques using grass stems and other plant fibres. In most recent classifications, Ploceidae is a clade, which excludes some birds that have historically been placed in the family, such as some of the sparrows, but which includes the monotypic subfamily Amblyospizinae. Some weavers, like the sociable weaver, however, form cooperative breeding groups, where numerous pairs build a huge communal nest together. The following genera are currently classified within the family Ploceidae. Male cap is almost white; females is more light gray. Breeding male has yellow head and underparts; white eyes. & Keith, S. (2004) The birds of Africa vol. The breeding male Southern Masked-Weaver has yellowish-green upperparts; black face, throat, bill; red eye; bright yellow head, underparts. Ploceidae is a family of small passerine birds, many of which are called weavers, weaverbirds, weaver finches and bishops. A few species have been introduced outside their native range.[2]. [3][4] These species are not closely related to the sparrows (Passeridae) nor to the Emberizidae, according to Luis Allende and colleagues. These names come from the nests of intricately woven vegetation created by birds in this family. Female and non breeding male darl brown streaked fluvous buff upperparts; unstreaked fulvous white underparts; horn colored bill. The red-billed buffalo-weaver is the largest weaver in South Africa, at 23 cm. Speke's weaver (Ploceus spekei) is a familiar East African songbird. The Cape Weaver has streaked olive-brown upperparts; loing and pointed conical bill. Weavers get their name because of their elaborately woven nests. Female and nonbreeding male brown upperparts, crown; yellow supercilium; pale underparts with perhaps faint breast-band. The eyes are pale and the bill is on the large side for a weaver. In Africa’s Kalahari Desert, sparrow-sized birds called Sociable Weavers create enormous nesting structures that act like avian apartment complexes, housing weaver families by the hundreds.

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